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Laxmikanth Kankipati, Christopher A. Girkin, Paul D. Gamlin; Post-illumination Pupil Response in Subjects without Ocular Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(5):2764-2769. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-4717.
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A sustained pupilloconstriction is often observed after the cessation of a bright visual stimulus. This post-illumination pupil response (PIPR) is produced by the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs). The present study was designed to examine the characteristics of the PIPR in a normal population without ocular disease.
Thirty-seven subjects (mean age, 48.6 years) were tested by presenting a 60°, 10-second light stimulus (13 log quanta/cm2/s retinal irradiance) and recording pupillary responses for 50 seconds after light cessation. The light stimuli (470 [blue] and 623 [red] nm) were presented by an optical system to one eye after dilation, while the consensual pupil response of the fellow, undilated eye was recorded by infrared pupillometry.
A positive PIPR was seen in all subjects tested. The population average of the PIPR for 470-nm light was 1.5 mm (SEM 0.10, P < 0.05) and the net PIPR (blue PIPR minus red PIPR) was 1.4 mm (SEM 0.09, P < 0.0001). The net PIPR correlated positively with baseline pupil diameter (P < 0.05), but not significantly with age, race, or sex (P > 0.05) in the test population.
All normal subjects displayed a significant PIPR for a 10-second, 470-nm light stimulus, but not a 623-nm stimulus, which is consistent with the proposed melanopsin-mediated response. In most normal individuals, the amplitude of the PIPR was substantial. This test has the potential to be used as a tool in evaluating subjects with inner retinal dysfunction or melanopsin-related disorders.
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