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Rafael Iribarren, Ian G. Morgan, Vinay Nangia, Jost B. Jonas; Crystalline Lens Power and Refractive Error. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(2):543-550. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8523.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To study the relationships between the refractive power of the crystalline lens, overall refractive error of the eye, and degree of nuclear cataract.
All phakic participants of the population-based Central India Eye and Medical Study with an age of 50+ years were included. Calculation of the refractive lens power was based on distance noncycloplegic refractive error, corneal refractive power, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and axial length according to Bennett's formula.
The study included 1885 subjects. Mean refractive lens power was 25.5 ± 3.0 D (range, 13.9–36.6). After adjustment for age and sex, the standardized correlation coefficients (β) of the association with the ocular refractive error were highest for crystalline lens power (β = −0.41; P < 0.001) and nuclear lens opacity grade (β = −0.42; P < 0.001), followed by axial length (β = −0.35; P < 0.001). They were lowest for corneal refractive power (β = −0.08; P = 0.001) and anterior chamber depth (β = −0.05; P = 0.04). In multivariate analysis, refractive error was significantly (P < 0.001) associated with shorter axial length (β = −1.26), lower refractive lens power (β = −0.95), lower corneal refractive power (β = −0.76), higher lens thickness (β = 0.30), deeper anterior chamber (β = 0.28), and less marked nuclear lens opacity (β = −0.05). Lens thickness was significantly lower in eyes with greater nuclear opacity.
Variations in refractive error in adults aged 50+ years were mostly influenced by variations in axial length and in crystalline lens refractive power, followed by variations in corneal refractive power, and, to a minor degree, by variations in lens thickness and anterior chamber depth.
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