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Emorfily Potsidis, Eliot L. Berson, Michael A. Sandberg; Disease Course of Patients with Unilateral Pigmentary Retinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(12):9244-9249. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-7892.
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To evaluate the change in ocular function by eye in patients with unilateral pigmentary retinopathy.
Longitudinal regression was used to estimate mean exponential rates of change in Goldmann visual field area (V4e white test light) and in full-field electroretinogram (ERG) amplitudes to 0.5- and 30-Hz white flashes in 15 patients with unilateral pigmentary retinopathy. Snellen visual acuity was assessed case by case.
Mean annual rates of change for the affected eyes were −4.9% for visual field area, −4.7% for ERG amplitude to 0.5-Hz flashes, and −4.6% for ERG amplitude to 30-Hz flashes. All three rates were faster than the corresponding age-related rates of change for the fellow normal eyes (P = 0.0006, P = 0.003, P = 0.03, respectively). An initial cone ERG implicit time to 30-Hz flashes in affected eyes ≥40 ms predicted a faster mean rate of decline of visual field area and of ERG amplitude to 0.5- and 30-Hz flashes (P < 0.0001 for all three measures). The visual acuity of affected eyes was more likely to decrease in patients presenting at >35 years of age than in patients presenting at a younger age (P = 0.0004).
The affected eye in unilateral pigmentary retinopathy shows a progressive loss of peripheral retinal function that cannot be attributed to aging alone and that is faster in eyes with a more prolonged initial cone ERG implicit time. Patients presenting at >35 years of age are at greater risk for losing visual acuity.
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