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Tsan-Chi Chen, Chien-Hsueh Lai, Jie-Ling Chang, Shu-Wen Chang; Mitomycin C Retardation of Corneal Fibroblast Migration via Sustained Dephosphorylation of Paxillin at Tyrosine 118. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(3):1539-1547. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-9203.
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To investigate how mitomycin C (MMC) modulates corneal fibroblast migration and its molecular mechanisms in the wound healing process.
After treatment with 0 and 0.2 mg · mL−1 MMC for 5 minutes, effect of MMC on cell migration of human corneal fibroblasts (HCFs) was examined with a cell migration assay. Both focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin (PXN) expressions in HCFs were analyzed by semiquantitative real-time PCR, immunoblotting, and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. Using gene silencing or gene overexpression with lentiviral-based pseudovirion infection, the phosphorylation level of FAK, PXN, and mutated PXNs at tyrosine sites 31 (Y31F-EGFP) and 118 (Y118F-EGFP) were verified in HCFs.
MMC retarded HCF migration at 1 and 2 days posttreatment (dpt). MMC reduced levels of FAK transcript and FAK protein, but increased both transcript and protein expression of PXN at 1 and 2 dpt. Furthermore, MMC upregulated FAK-pY397, which subsequently enhanced PXN-pY31 in a dose-dependent manner at 1 dpt. Concurrently, MMC downregulated PXN-pY118 at 1 dpt. However, MMC treatment resulted in dephosphorylation of FAK-pY397, PXN-pY31, and PXN-pY118 at 2 dpt. The FAK/PXN complex in MMC-treated HCFs was detected at focal adhesion sites more than at the leading edge at 1 and 2 dpt, contributing to retardation of HCF migration. Y118F-EGFP–expressing HCFs exhibited lower mobility than that of PXN-EGFP– or Y31F-EGFP–expressing HCFs.
The sustained PXN-pY118 dephosphorylation resulted in steadfastness of an incompletely active FAK/PXN complex at focal adhesion sites and played a pivotal role in MMC-retarded HCF migration.
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