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Meihua He, Hong Pan, Chunxia Xiao, Mingliang Pu; Roles for Redox Signaling by NADPH Oxidase in Hyperglycemia-Induced Heme Oxygenase-1 Expression in the Diabetic Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(6):4092-4101. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12004.
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© 2016 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
The antioxidant response element (ARE)–mediated antioxidant pathway has an important role in maintaining the redox status of the retina. The expression of ARE-mediated antioxidants, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), remains unclear in the db/db mice. We evaluated the expression of HO-1 in the retinas of db/db mice and investigated a possible role for NADPH oxidase.
Fresh retinas were harvested from 8-, 12-, and 20-week db/db or db/m mice. Reactive oxygen species were detected by dihydroethidium. The expression levels of HO-1, Nox2, and Nox4 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. In vitro retina explants culture was used to assess the role of NADPH oxidase in high glucose-induced HO-1 expression.
The expression of HO-1 was increased in the retinas of 8-week db/db mice, while it was decreased in 20-week db/db mice compared to age-matched controls. Similarly, the activation of Nox4 was increased in the retinas at 8 weeks and returned to basal levels at 20 weeks in db/db mice compared to age-matched controls. The activation of Nox2 was increased in the retinas of 8-, 12-, and 20-week db/db mice compared to age-matched controls. The NADPH oxidase inhibitors apocynin and DPI significantly blocked the HO-1 expression that was induced by high glucose levels in cultured retina explants.
The expression patterns of HO-1, Nox2, Nox4 in db/db mouse retinas, and the suppressive effects of NADPH oxidase inhibitors on the expression of HO-1 induced by high glucose levels in cultured retina explants suggest that the expression of HO-1 is, at least partially, mediated by NADPH oxidase in this diabetic animal model.
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