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Pang-yu Teng, Justin Wanek, Norman P. Blair, Mahnaz Shahidi; Inner Retinal Oxygen Extraction Fraction in Rat. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(1):647-651. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-11305.
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© 2016 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
Oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), defined by the ratio of oxygen consumption to delivery, may be a useful parameter for assessing the retinal tissue status under impaired circulation. We report a method for measurement of inner retinal OEF in rats under normoxia and hypoxia based on vascular oxygen tension (PO2) imaging.
Retinal vascular PO2 measurements were obtained in 10 rats, using our previously developed optical section phosphorescence lifetime imaging system. Inner retinal OEF was derived from retinal vascular PO2 measurements based on Fick's principle. Measurements of inner retinal OEF obtained under normoxia were compared between nasal and temporal retinal sectors and repeatability was determined. Inner retinal OEF measurements obtained under normoxia and hypoxia were compared.
Retinal vascular PO2 and inner retinal OEF measurements were repeatable (ICC ≥ 0.83). Inner retinal OEF measurements at nasal and temporal retinal sectors were correlated (R = 0.71; P = 0.02; n = 10). Under hypoxia, both retinal arterial and venous PO2 decreased significantly as compared with normoxia (P < 0.001; n = 10). Inner retinal OEF was 0.46 ± 0.13 under normoxia and increased significantly to 0.67 ± 0.16 under hypoxia (mean ± SD; P < 0.001; n = 10).
Inner retinal OEF is a promising quantitative biomarker for the adequacy of oxygen supply for metabolism under physiologically and pathologically altered conditions.
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