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Julia M. Wessel, Folkert K. Horn, Ralf P. Tornow, Matthias Schmid, Christian Y. Mardin, Friedrich E. Kruse, Anselm G. Juenemann, Robert Laemmer; Longitudinal Analysis of Progression in Glaucoma Using Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(5):3613-3620. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.12-9786.
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To compare the longitudinal loss of RNFL thickness measurements by SD-OCT in healthy individuals and glaucoma patients with or without progression concerning optic disc morphology.
A total of 62 eyes, comprising 38 glaucomatous eyes with open angle glaucoma and 24 healthy controls, were included in the study (Erlangen Glaucoma Registry, NTC00494923). All patients were investigated annually over a period of 3 years by Spectralis SD-OCT measuring peripapillary RNFL thickness. By masked comparative analysis of photographs, the eyes were classified into nonprogressive and progressive glaucoma cases. Longitudinal loss of RNFL thickness was compared with morphological changes of optic disc morphology.
Mixed model analysis of annual OCT scans revealed an estimated annual decrease of the RNFL thickness by 2.12 μm in glaucoma eyes with progression, whereas glaucoma eyes without progression in optic disc morphology lost 1.18 μm per year in RNFL thickness (P = 0.002). The rate of change in healthy eyes was 0.60 μm and thereby also significantly lower than in glaucoma eyes with progression (P < 0.001). The intrasession variability of three successive measurements without head repositioning was 1.5 ± 0.7 μm. The loss of mean RNFL thickness exceeded the intrasession variability in 60% of nonprogressive eyes, and in 85% of progressive eyes after 3 years.
Longitudinal measurements of RNFL thickness using SD-OCT show a more pronounced reduction of RNFL thickness in patients with progression compared with patients without progression in glaucomatous optic disc changes. (www.clinicaltrials.gov number, NTC00494923.)
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