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Jin A. Choi, Jung-Sub Kim, Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Hana Park, Chan Kee Park; The Foveal Position Relative to the Optic Disc and the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Profile in Myopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(3):1419-1426. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-13604.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To evaluate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness profiles according to the foveal position relative to the optic disc in myopia
In 164 eyes of 164 healthy myopic subjects, the disc–foveal angle was defined as the angle between a horizontal line through the disc center and the line connecting the fovea and disc center in fundus photographs overlaid on Cirrus-HD optical coherence tomography (OCT) images. The quadrant/clock-hour based peripapillary RNFL thickness and differences between the inferior and superior (I-S) quadrant RNFL thicknesses were measured with OCT. RNFL thickness profiles were determined according to the disc–foveal angle and axial length (AL).
As the disc–foveal angle increased (i.e., the fovea becomes more inferior to the optic disc), the superior RNFL decreased significantly (P = 0.003), whereas the inferior RNFL and I-S difference increased (P = 0.010 and P < 0.001, respectively). As the AL increased, the average and temporal RNFLs increased significantly (P = 0.013 and P < 0.001, respectively), and I-S difference was not affected (P = 0.231). The disc–foveal angle was significantly decreased with the distance between the fovea and the optic disc (P = 0.033). In multiple linear regression analysis, the disc–foveal angle was found to be a significant factor related to I-S differences, superior and inferior RNFL (all, P < 0.05) after adjusting for age, disc area, and AL.
The intrinsic foveal position relative to the optic disc was an essential determinant of normal RNFL thickness in myopia. In particular, it was associated with the vertical asymmetry of RNFL distribution.
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