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Tetsuro Oshika, Tadatoshi Tokunaga, Tomokazu Samejima, Kazunori Miyata, Keisuke Kawana, Yuichi Kaji; Influence of Pupil Diameter on the Relation between Ocular Higher-Order Aberration and Contrast Sensitivity after Laser In Situ Keratomileusis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(4):1334-1338. doi: 10.1167/iovs.05-1154.
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purpose. To investigate the influence of pupil diameter on the relation between induced changes in ocular higher-order wavefront aberrations and changes in contrast sensitivity by conventional laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia.
methods. In 215 eyes of 117 patients (age, 33.2 ± 8.3 years) undergoing LASIK for myopia of −1.25 to −13.5 D (−5.28 ± 2.55 D), ocular wavefront aberrations and contrast sensitivity function were determined before and 1 month after surgery. Preoperative photopic pupil diameter was measured with a digital camera. Ocular higher-order aberrations were measured for a 4-mm pupil with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront analyzer. The root-mean-square (RMS) of the third- and fourth-order Zernike coefficients was used to represent coma- and spherical-like aberration, respectively. From the contrast-sensitivity data, the area under the log contrast sensitivity function (AULCSF) was calculated.
results. One hundred five eyes had a photopic pupil diameter of 4 mm or larger, and the remaining 110 had a photopic pupil diameter smaller than 4 mm. There were no statistically significant differences in the background clinical data between these two groups. In the eyes with a photopic pupil diameter of 4 mm or larger, the changes in third-order comalike aberrations did not correlate with the changes in AULCSF (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = −0.037, P = 0.723) and 10% low-contrast visual acuity (r = 0.125, P = 0.224), but fourth-order spherical-like aberrations correlated significantly with the changes in AULCSF (r = −0.229, P = 0.024) and 10% low-contrast visual acuity (r = 0.221, P = 0.038). In the eyes with photopic pupil size smaller than 4 mm, there were significant correlations between the changes in comalike aberrations and the changes in AULCSF (r = −0.487, P < 0.001) and 10% low-contrast visual acuity (r = 0.310, P = 0.003), but spherical-like aberrations showed no correlation with the changes in AULCSF (r = −0.078, P = 0.485) and 10% low-contrast visual acuity (r = 0.208, P = 0.158).
conclusions. In eyes with larger photopic pupil diameter, increases in spherical-like aberration dominantly affect contrast sensitivity, whereas in eyes with smaller pupil size, changes in comalike aberration exert greater influence on visual performance.
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