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Gina L. Griffith, Robert A. Russell, Anne Kasus-Jacobi, Elangovan Thavathiru, Melva L. Gonzalez, Sreemathi Logan, H. Anne Pereira; CAP37 Activation of PKC Promotes Human Corneal Epithelial Cell Chemotaxis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(10):6712-6723. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12054.
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© 2016 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
The objective of this study was to elucidate the signaling pathway through which cationic antimicrobial protein of 37 kDa (CAP37) mediates human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) chemotaxis.
Immortalized HCECs were treated with pertussis toxin (10 and 1000 ng/mL), protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors (calphostin c, 50 nM and Ro-31-8220, 100 nM), phorbol esters (phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, 200 nM and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, 1 μM) known to deplete PKC isoforms, and siRNAs (400 nM) before a modified Boyden chamber assay was used to determine the effect of these inhibitors and siRNAs on CAP37-directed HCEC migration. PKCδ protein levels, PKCδ-Thr505 phosphorylation, and PKCδ kinase activity was assessed in CAP37-treated HCECs using immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and a kinase activity assay, respectively.
Chemotaxis studies revealed that treatment with pertussis toxin, PKC inhibitors, phorbol esters, and siRNAs significantly inhibited CAP37-mediated chemotaxis compared with untreated controls. CAP37 treatment increased PKCδ protein levels and led to PKCδ phosphorylation on residue Thr505. Direct activation of PKCδ by CAP37 was demonstrated using a kinase activity assay.
These findings lead us to conclude that CAP37 is an important regulator of corneal epithelial cell migration and mediates its effects through PKCδ.
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