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Xinjian Chen, Ping Hou, Chao Jin, Weifang Zhu, Xiaohong Luo, Fei Shi, Milan Sonka, Haoyu Chen; Quantitative Analysis of Retinal Layer Optical Intensities on Three-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(10):6846-6851. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12062.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the optical intensities of all retinal layers on three-dimensional (3D) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in normal subjects using an automatic measurement.
Forty normal subjects underwent Topcon 3D OCT-1000 macula-centered scan. The raw data were automatically segmented into 10 layers using the 3D graph search approach. Then the mean and standard deviation of intensities of each layer were calculated. The image quality index was given by the OCT software. Correlation analysis was performed between the optical intensities in each layer and image quality and subject's age.
The correlation of optical intensities was strong from ganglion cell layer (GCL) to outer nuclear layer (ONL) with r > 0.934; moderate among retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), photoreceptor, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and choroid (0.410 < r < 0.800); and low in the vitreous (0.251 < r < 0.541). The optical intensities were also correlated with the image quality, r > 0.869 from GCL to ONL, 0.748 < r < 0.802 for RNFL, photoreceptor layer, RPE, and the choroid, r = 0.528 for the vitreous. The optical intensity in RNFL was negatively correlated with age (r = −0.365).
Automatic assessment of the layers' intensities was achieved. In normal subjects, the retinal layers' optical intensities were affected by image quality. Normalization with optical intensity of ONL, all areas, or image quality index is recommended. The optical intensity of RNFL decreased with age.
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