Purchase this article with an account.
Cristina Pena-Betancor, Marta Gonzalez-Hernandez, Francisco Fumero-Batista, Jose Sigut, Erica Medina-Mesa, Silvia Alayon, Manuel Gonzalez de la Rosa; Estimation of the Relative Amount of Hemoglobin in the Cup and Neuroretinal Rim Using Stereoscopic Color Fundus Images. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(3):1562-1568. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15592.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To calculate the relative amount of hemoglobin (Hb) in sectors of the optic nerve head (ONH) from stereoscopic color fundus images using the Laguna ONhE method and compare the results with the visual field evaluation and optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Healthy eyes (n = 87) and glaucoma eyes (n = 71) underwent reliable Oculus Spark perimetry and Cirrus OCT. Optical nerve head color images were acquired with a nonmydriatic stereoscopic Wx Kowa fundus camera. Laguna ONhE program was applied to these images to calculate the relative Hb amount in the cup and six sectors of the rim. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and correlations between parameters were calculated.
We did not observe any variations in the relative amount of Hb in relation to age in healthy subjects (R2 = 0.033, P > 0.05). Maximum ROC area confidence intervals were observed for a combination between perimetric indices and the Laguna ONhE Glaucoma discriminant function (0.970–0.899) followed by rim area (0.960–0.883), and mean deviation (MD; 0.944–0.857). In glaucoma cases, relative Hb amount presented significant reduction in all rim sectors, especially 231° to 270° and 81° to 120° (P < 0.001), except in the temporal 311° to 40° (P = 0.11). Perimetry mean sensitivity by sectors was better correlated with respective Hb levels than with rim areas or the corresponding nerve fiber thickness, especially the superior and inferior sectors (P < 0.05).
Visual field sensitivity was better correlated with Hb levels than with rim sector areas or the corresponding nerve fiber thickness. In many cases the remaining rim show low perfusion, especially in the superior and inferior sectors.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only