April 2014
Volume 55, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2014
Ascorbate concentrations and polymorphisms in sodium transporter vitamin C genes in human plasma, aqueous humor and lens in an ascorbate depleted setting
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Srinivasan Senthilkumari
    Department of Ocular Pharmacology, Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Madurai, India
  • Badri Talwar
    Aravind Eye Hospital Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India
  • Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam
    School of Biotechnology, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India
  • Ravilla D Ravindran
    Aravind Eye Hospital Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India
  • R. Jayanthi
    Aravind Eye Hospital Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India
  • Periasamy Sundaresan
    Department of Genetics, Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Maduari, India
  • Charu Saravanan
    Department of Genetics, Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Maduari, India
  • Ian S Young
    Centre for Public Health, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom
  • Alan D Dangour
    Faculty of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • Astrid E Fletcher
    Faculty of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Srinivasan Senthilkumari, None; Badri Talwar, None; Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam, None; Ravilla Ravindran, None; R. Jayanthi, None; Periasamy Sundaresan, None; Charu Saravanan, None; Ian Young, None; Alan Dangour, None; Astrid Fletcher, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2014, Vol.55, 1565. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Srinivasan Senthilkumari, Badri Talwar, Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam, Ravilla D Ravindran, R. Jayanthi, Periasamy Sundaresan, Charu Saravanan, Ian S Young, Alan D Dangour, Astrid E Fletcher, ; Ascorbate concentrations and polymorphisms in sodium transporter vitamin C genes in human plasma, aqueous humor and lens in an ascorbate depleted setting. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):1565.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract

Purpose: We have previously reported low concentrations of plasma ascorbate and dietary vitamin C in the older Indian population and a strong inverse association of these measures with cataract. Little is known about ascorbate levels in human ocular tissues in populations habitually depleted of ascorbate or whether these are influenced by genetic polymorphisms.Our objectives were to investigate the relationship between plasma ascorbate and aqueous and lens ascorbate in India and whether these relationships are influenced by Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in sodium vitamin C transporter genes (SLC23A1 and SLC23A2)

Methods: We measured ascorbate concentrations in plasma, aqueous and lens using high performance liquid chromatography in 60 patients undergoing cataract surgery in southern India. We genotyped four SNPs using TaqMan assay.

Results: The plasma ascorbate concentrations (µmol/L) were low: median and inter-quartile range (IQR), 15.2 (7.8, 34.5). Decreasing concentrations from the common to the rare genotype of aqueous ascorbate were observed for the SNPs rs6596473 (p <0.04) and for rs1247991 with lens ascorbate (p=0.02). The slope between log10 plasma ascorbate and aqueous ascorbate concentration, β = 1064, 95% CI= 814, 1315, p= 10-15, was modified by rs6596473 with a 2 fold difference between the common homozygous genotype (β= 1467) and the rare homozygous genotype (β= 641) and intermediate with the heterozygote (β= 1058), p interaction=0.03. The association of log10 plasma ascorbate was positively associated with lens ascorbate concentration p<0.003 but was not modified by rs6596473 p=0.6.

Conclusions: SNPs in sodium vitamin C transporter genes modify the relationships between plasma ascorbate and aqueous ascorbate.

Keywords: 445 cataract • 464 clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: risk factor assessment • 618 nutritional factors  
×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×