April 2014
Volume 55, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2014
Ocular Surface Disease Frequency by the 5-item Dry Eye Questionnaire in Mexico City
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Nallely Ramos Betancourt
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Jaime D Martinez
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Francisco Beltran
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Alejandro Babayan
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Hospital Fundación Nuestra Señora de La Luz, Mexico, Mexico
  • Concepción Santacruz-Valdés
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Instituto Oftalmológico Conde de Valenciana, Mexico, Mexico
  • Jorge Ozorno-Zarate
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Cecilia Ramírez-Assad
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Elsa María Mora
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Everardo Hernandez-Quintela
    Colegio Nacional de Investigación en Ciencias Visuales, Mexico, Mexico
    CORNEA, Asociacion Para evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico, Mexico
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Nallely Ramos Betancourt, Allergan (F); Jaime Martinez, Allergan (F); Francisco Beltran, Allergan (F); Alejandro Babayan, Allergan (F); Concepción Santacruz-Valdés, Allergan (F); Jorge Ozorno-Zarate, Allergan (F); Cecilia Ramírez-Assad, Allergan (F); Elsa María Mora, Allergan (F); Everardo Hernandez-Quintela, Allergan (F)
  • Footnotes
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Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2014, Vol.55, 2010. doi:
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      Nallely Ramos Betancourt, Jaime D Martinez, Francisco Beltran, Alejandro Babayan, Concepción Santacruz-Valdés, Jorge Ozorno-Zarate, Cecilia Ramírez-Assad, Elsa María Mora, Everardo Hernandez-Quintela, ; Ocular Surface Disease Frequency by the 5-item Dry Eye Questionnaire in Mexico City. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):2010.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract
 
Purpose
 

To determine the frequency of ocular surface disease (OSD) symptoms in Mexico City by the 5-item Dry Eye Questionnaire (DEQ-5).

 
Methods
 

A cross-sectional, prospective study was designed, where a consecutive recruitment of subjects older than 18 years old in 3 different parts of the metropolitan area (north, center, and south) were included. Participants answered a 5-item dry eye questionnaire (DEQ-5) that has been validated for Spanish-speaking patients previously. The demographic data evaluated were: age, sex, state of residence, and contact lens wear.

 
Results
 

A total of 3,401 subjects were included. Mean age was 41.2 years old (SD±14.74, range 19-96) with 2084 (68.5%) of subjects between 20 and 55 years old. Female gender comprised a 59.85% (1990) of the sample. Mild symptomatic OSD was defined as a DEQ-5 score of ≥6 points, and severe symptoms of OSD as ≥12 points. The OSD prevalence was 66.2% by DEQ-5 (52.1% were mild and 14.1% were severe). 9.5% (350 subjects) wore contact lens.

 
Conclusions
 

OSD symptoms are frequently found in subjects living in Mexico City. This study establishes an OSD prevalence of 66.2%, with half of the sampled subjects showed a mild severity. The DEQ-5 has proved a high sensitivity for the diagnosis of ocular surface disease.

 
Keywords: 486 cornea: tears/tear film/dry eye • 463 clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: prevalence/incidence  
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