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Juan Manuel Elizondo Camacho, Maria Garcia Ibarra, Jesus Jimenez-Roman, Luis Zarate, ; Importance of primary open angle glaucoma and Its relation with socioeconomic conditions. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):4298.
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To establish the level of knowdlege about the disease that patients with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma have, and to determine if it correlates with severity, family history, scholarship, monthly income and years of diagnosis.
It was a prospective, transversal and observational study. We applied a general knowdlege questionnaire about glaucoma to patients with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and classified them according to visual field damage considering the mean deviation (Hodapp Parrish criteria). We analyzed the variables with non parametric statistics using the Wilcoxon test to identify differences amongst the groups.
We studied 142 patients, 76% were female and 24% male, with a mean age of 68.91 ± 11.94 years. Nineteen percent had an acceptable score, defining this as 6 or higher. Sixty two patients (43.66%) had mild damage in the visual field, 38 (26.76%) moderate damage and 42 (30%) severe damage. We found no difference between the groups in the total score obtained in the following studied variables: severity, scholarship, monthly income and years of diagnosis. We only found that patients with family history obtained a better grade, and this difference was statistically significant. This means that a patient that has a family member with glaucoma knows the disease better.
Only 20% of patients have an aceptable knowdlege about their disease. There is no correlation between severity, scholarship, monthly income and years of diagnosis of the disease with the knowdlege about glaucoma, but there is a positive relationship with family history.
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