April 2014
Volume 55, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   April 2014
Patient Behaviors and Risk Factors for Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Andrew A Moshfeghi
    RETINA ASSOCIATES OF KENTUCKY, Lexington, KY
    OPHTHALMOLOGY, RETINA SERVICE, BASCOM PALMER EYE INSTITUTE, Palm Beach Gardens, FL
  • Kamyar Vaziri
    OPHTHALMOLOGY, RETINA SERVICE, BASCOM PALMER EYE INSTITUTE, Palm Beach Gardens, FL
  • Darius M Moshfeghi
    BYERS EYE INSTITUTE AT STANFORD, STANFORD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, Palo Alto, CA
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Andrew Moshfeghi, None; Kamyar Vaziri, None; Darius Moshfeghi, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science April 2014, Vol.55, 652. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Andrew A Moshfeghi, Kamyar Vaziri, Darius M Moshfeghi; Patient Behaviors and Risk Factors for Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Findings from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(13):652.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract
 
Purpose
 

To describe self-reported health risk behaviors in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to examine the independent associations between controversial risk factors and AMD.

 
Methods
 

A cross-sectional study evaluating the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) database (2006-2010) on individuals 40 years or older reporting an AMD diagnosis. We analyzed health-risk behaviors in these individuals and also the association between AMD and several potential risk factors.

 
Results
 

Among self-reporting AMD patients, 76.5% had a fundus examination within 12 months of survey date, while 12% of these individuals did not have a fundus exam in more than 2 years (Table 1). Reasons for not having a recent fundus exam varied by age group (Table 2). Smoking rates in Individuals with AMD were not different from individuals without AMD (p>0.05). Multivariate regression showed a significant association between AMD and exercise, history of myocardial infarction, history of coronary artery disease and current asthmatic status after controlling for relevant covariates. No significant associations were seen between AMD and stroke, aspirin use, former asthmatic status and heavy alcohol drinking.

 
Conclusions
 

AMD patients continue to smoke at the same rate as patients without AMD. Understanding the reasons hindering AMD patients from acquiring timely fundus examinations may be important in patient education and disease management. Cardiovascular diseases may be associated with AMD independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

     
Keywords: 464 clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: risk factor assessment • 459 clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: biostatistics/epidemiology methodology • 412 age-related macular degeneration  
×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×