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Gavin Arno, Sarah Hull, Anthony G. Robson, Graham E. Holder, Michael E. Cheetham, Andrew R. Webster, Vincent Plagnol, Anthony T. Moore; Lack of Interphotoreceptor Retinoid Binding Protein Caused by Homozygous Mutation of RBP3 Is Associated With High Myopia and Retinal Dystrophy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(4):2358-2365. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-16520.
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We present a detailed clinical and molecular study of four patients from two consanguineous families with a similar childhood-onset retinal dystrophy resulting from novel homozygous nonsense mutations in RBP3.
Four children with mutations in RBP3 encoding interphotoreceptor binding protein (IRBP) were ascertained by whole exome sequencing and subsequent direct Sanger sequencing. Detailed phenotyping was performed, including full clinical evaluation, electroretinography, fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Two novel homozygous nonsense mutations (c.1530T>A;p.Y510* and c.3454G>T;p.E1152*) in RBP3 were identified in four patients from two families. All four patients had a similar, unusual retinal dystrophy characterized by childhood onset high myopia, generalized rod and cone dysfunction, and an unremarkable fundus appearance. The FAF imaging showed multiple paracentral foci of low autofluorescence in one patient and patchy increased FAF in the region of the vascular arcades in another. The OCT showed loss of outer retinal bands over peripheral macular areas in all 4 cases.
To our knowledge, this report is the first to describe the retinal dystrophy in children caused by homozygous nonsense RBP3 mutations, highlighting the requirement for IRBP in normal eye development and visual function. Longitudinal study will reveal if the four children reported here will progress to a more typical retinitis pigmentosa phenotype described previously in adults with RBP3 mutations. The RBP3-related disease should be considered in children with high myopia and retinal dystrophy, particularly when there are no significant fundus changes.
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