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Si Hyung Lee, Hoon Dong Kim, Yeo Jin Park, Young-Hoon Ohn, Tae Kwann Park; Time-Dependent Changes of Cell Proliferation After Laser Photocoagulation in Mouse Chorioretinal Tissue. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(4):2696-2708. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-16112.
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This study investigated the time course of cell proliferation after laser photocoagulation and analyzed the cell types of proliferating cells.
C57BL/6J mice received unilateral laser photocoagulation. Intraperitoneal bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) injection was performed, and mice were divided into two groups according to the injection paradigm: group 1 with continuous injection and group 2 with periodic injection. Each group was again divided into four subgroups according to injection period: 0 to 3 days (n = 11), 0 to 7 days (n = 14), 0 to 14 days (n = 6), and 0 to 28 days (n = 6) after laser photocoagulation for group 1; and 0 to 3 days (n = 11), 4 to 7 days (n = 6), 8 to 14 days (n = 6), and 15 to 28 days (n = 6) after laser photocoagulation for group 2. The eyes were examined with immunohistochemistry using anti-BrdU antibody and other various antibodies for identification of proliferating cells. Manual cell counting and flow cytometry were performed for quantification.
In group 1, the number of BrdU+ cells showed marked increase during the first 3 days of laser lesioning, reaching its maximum after 7 days (P < 0.05). Group 2 also demonstrated peak proliferation during the first 3 days, but a significantly reduced number of BrdU+ cells were detected during 4 to 7 days, 8 to 14 days, and 15 to 28 days of laser treatment (P < 0.05). BrdU+ cells colocalized with CD11b, F4/80, iba1, RPE65, CD31, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) labeling, and CD11b+, F4/80+, and iba1+ cells constituted the main fraction of BrdU+ cells.
Laser photocoagulation induced cell proliferation mostly during the first 3 days, and many proliferating cells were identified as inflammatory cells, RPE cells, endothelial cells, and Müller cells.
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