June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
Regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion in human meibomian gland epithelial cells
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Afsun Sahin
    Department of Ophthalmology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Didem Cosan
    Department of Biology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Cağri Oner
    Department of Biology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Hasan V. Gunes
    Department of Biology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Nilgun Yildirim
    Department of Ophthalmology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Hikmet Basmak
    Department of Ophthalmology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical School, Eskisehir, Turkey
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Afsun Sahin, None; Didem Cosan, None; Cağri Oner, None; Hasan Gunes, None; Nilgun Yildirim, None; Hikmet Basmak, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 3506. doi:
  • Views
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      ×
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      Afsun Sahin, Didem Cosan, Cağri Oner, Hasan V. Gunes, Nilgun Yildirim, Hikmet Basmak; Regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion in human meibomian gland epithelial cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):3506.

      Download citation file:


      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

      ×
  • Supplements
Abstract

Purpose: Androgens are known to modulate the function of ocular surface and adnexal epithelial cells, suppress lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced proinflammatory responses in nonocular sites. However, there is limited data if androgens show this anti-inflammatory activity on ocular surface and adnexa. We hypothesize that human ocular adnexal epithelial cells have the ability to produce and release pro-inflammatory cytokine (IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-10, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, VEGF-A) in response to lipopolysaccharide exposure. We also hypothesize the following: (1) Lipopolisaccharide binding protein (LBP) potentiates LPS-induced cytokine secretion by human meibomian gland epithelial cells; (2) dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a potent androgen, attenuates the immune effect of LPS. The objective of this study was to test our hypotheses.

Methods: Immortalized human meibomian gland epithelial cells (from David A.Sullivan, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA) were cultured in keratinocyte serum-free medium until reaching 100% confluence. Cells were then exposed to DMEM/F12 medium with 10% BCS for 2 days, followed by an incubation in serum-free DMEM/F12 for 1 day. After this time period, cells were treated with vehicle or 15 ug/ml LPS (E. Coli, strain 0127:B8) for 6, 12 and 24 hours. Culture media were collected and analyzed for IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-10, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, VEGF-A levels with Luminex technology.

Results: Lipopolysaccharide stimulates time-dependent secretion of IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, and VEGF-A by human meibomian gland epithelial cells. This effect is potentiated by exposure to LPS-binding protein. This potentiation, in turn, is significantly reduced by cellular treatment with dihydrotestosterone.

Conclusions: Human meibomian gland epithelial cells have the ability to generate pro-inflammatory cytokine in response to LPS exposure. This proinflammatory process is modulated by LPS-binding protein and by dihydrotestosterone. When induced by appropriate stimuli, this cytokine production may have a role in the generation of inflammation in ocular surface disease.

×
×

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.

×