June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
The Cu/Zn+ superoxide dismutase knockout mouse (Sod1-/-), a model of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), exhibits anti-retinal autoantibodies (AAbs) and marked signs of intraretinal inflammation prior to onset of an AMD-like phenotype
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • David New
    Ophthalmology, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • TJ Hollingsworth
    Ophthalmology, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Francesco Giorgianni
    Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Nataliya Lenchik
    Medicine/Endocrinology, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Ivan Gerling
    Medicine/Endocrinology, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Sarka Beranova-Giorgianni
    Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Marko Radic
    Molecular Biology, Immunology and Biochemistry, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Alessandro Iannaccone
    Ophthalmology, University of TN Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships David New, None; TJ Hollingsworth, None; Francesco Giorgianni, None; Nataliya Lenchik, None; Ivan Gerling, None; Sarka Beranova-Giorgianni, None; Marko Radic, None; Alessandro Iannaccone, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 3986. doi:
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      David New, TJ Hollingsworth, Francesco Giorgianni, Nataliya Lenchik, Ivan Gerling, Sarka Beranova-Giorgianni, Marko Radic, Alessandro Iannaccone; The Cu/Zn+ superoxide dismutase knockout mouse (Sod1-/-), a model of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), exhibits anti-retinal autoantibodies (AAbs) and marked signs of intraretinal inflammation prior to onset of an AMD-like phenotype. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):3986.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract
 
Purpose
 

To understand the potential role of anti-retinal AAbs and intraretinal inflammation in the Sod1-/- mouse model of AMD, and to test the hypothesis that anti-retinal AAbs and intraretinal inflammation could develop early in the disease and precede the onset of the overt phenotype exhibited by these mice, typically at or after 12 mo. of age.

 
Methods
 

We examined differences between 6-9 mo. old Sod1-/- and wild type (WT, C57BL/6J) mice at the serological, molecular, cellular and tissue by several methods: retinal immunohistochemistry (IHC) for markers of inflammation and oxidative stress (carbonylation), Western blots (WB) and IHC for serum AAb binding.

 
Results
 

Before the onset of visible retinal disease, Sod1-/- mice show marked upregulation of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and glutamine synthase (GS) Müller cell reactivity (Fig. 1A), increased protein carbonylation (Fig. 1B). and serum AAbs that bind multiple retinal targets (Fig. 2).<br />

 
Conclusions
 

Sod1-/- mice exhibit signs of intraretinal inflammation and oxidation and display anti-retinal serum AAbs well in advance of developing a retinal degenerative phenotype. These findings strongly suggest that inflammation and an autoimmune component can play at least a con-causal role in the pathogenesis of the phenotype observed in Sod1-/- mice, feeding forward into the late-onset retinal degeneration of this mouse model of AMD. Since AAbs recognizing macular tissue antigens are found also in patients with early stage AMD, our findings support the notion that similar mechanisms may be at play early on, and thus be a target for intervention, in human disease.  

 
Fig. 1. Retinal gliosis and carbonylation in 9-mo Sod1-/- vs. WT mice. Sod1-/- retinas show (A) marked upregulation of two Müller cell markers, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, green) and glutamine synthase (GS, red) and (B) marked increase in carbonylation (dark grey stain).
 
Fig. 1. Retinal gliosis and carbonylation in 9-mo Sod1-/- vs. WT mice. Sod1-/- retinas show (A) marked upregulation of two Müller cell markers, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, green) and glutamine synthase (GS, red) and (B) marked increase in carbonylation (dark grey stain).
 
 
Fig. 2. Immunostaining of WT retinas with WT or 9-mo Sod1-/- sera. Sod1-/- serum stained discretely the GCL (white arrowheads), diffusely but faintly the IPL (asterisks), intensely the OPL (arrows), and in a linear and punctate pattern along the OLM (green arrowheads).
 
Fig. 2. Immunostaining of WT retinas with WT or 9-mo Sod1-/- sera. Sod1-/- serum stained discretely the GCL (white arrowheads), diffusely but faintly the IPL (asterisks), intensely the OPL (arrows), and in a linear and punctate pattern along the OLM (green arrowheads).

 
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