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Monique J Leys, Merideth Smith, J Vernon Odom; Effect of Visual Quality of Life (NEI-VFQ) on Giving and Receiving Help in an Older Adult Population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):509.
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To determine the relationship of NEI-VFQ subscales and reported giving and receiving help in an older adult population.
The NEI-VFQ was administered to 100 persons as part of a telephone interview along with measures of giving and receiving help. The specific measures of giving help were responses to the questionnaires Volunteering (V) and Informal Support Provided (ISP); measures of help received were Perception of Support Received (PSR) and Informal Support Received (ISR). ISR had four subscales Tangible Support (ISR-T), Instrumental Support (ISR-I), Emotional Support (ISR-E) and Total (ISR-TOT). Participants were patients at the WVU Eye Institute whose vision ranged from normal to severe visual impairment. A chart review determined vision within a month of the interview. Patients were aged 60 years or more (mean: 73.48 years; range 60-94) and passed standard cognitive tests to rule out dementia. 55 were female and 45 were male. Using correlation analyses and stepwise regression, we determined which of subscales predicted reports of giving or receiving help.
Forward stepwise regression indicated a significant relationship of NEI-VFQ subscales to V (p < 0.0002; Multiple R-squared = 0.15), ISR-TOT (p < 0.00006; Multiple R-squared = 0.53) ISR-I (p < 0.002; Multiple R-squared = 0.42) ISR-T(p < 0.000000002; Multiple R-squared = 0.67) ISR-E(p < 0.009; Multiple R-squared = 0.42) PSR (p < 0.009; Multiple R-squared = 0.31). NEI-VFQ subscales did not significantly predict ISP.
Our data provide additional support for the importance of visual function as an influence on whether older adults give or receive help. Better visual function is associated with more volunteering, but influence the informal support that older adults provide others.
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