June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
Prevalence of epiretinal membrane (ERM) in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) after pars plana vitrectomy by means of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Luis Arroyo
    Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Victoria Gonzalez
    Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Valentina Franco-Cardenas
    Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Raul Velez-Montoya
    Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Jans Fromow
    Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Virgilio Morales
    Asociacion Para Evitar la Ceguera en Mexico IAP, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Luis Arroyo, None; Victoria Gonzalez, None; Valentina Franco-Cardenas, None; Raul Velez-Montoya, None; Jans Fromow, None; Virgilio Morales, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 5098. doi:
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      Luis Arroyo, Victoria Gonzalez, Valentina Franco-Cardenas, Raul Velez-Montoya, Jans Fromow, Virgilio Morales; Prevalence of epiretinal membrane (ERM) in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) after pars plana vitrectomy by means of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):5098.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: To find the prevalence of epiretinal membrane in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after vitrectomy using spectral domain optical coherence tomography and identify associated factors.

Methods: A descriptive, transversal and observational study was undertaken in patients after vitrectomy was performed following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in absence of surgery or trauma whit at least 6 months of follow up since the surgery. Visual acuity was registered before and after surgery. SD-OCT of the macula was taken after surgery.

Results: A total of 66 patients were included, 28 male (42%) and 38 female (58%). There was not any relationship between age/RRD extension and ERM appearance (p=0.4 and p=0.4 respectively). There is a relation in the time of RRD and the moment of surgery in the occurrence of ERM. The longer the postsurgical follow up period, the more likely an ERM is to appear. There was an association between worse visual acuity and ERM appearance. <br />

Conclusions: The prevalence of ERM detected by SD-OCT was 62%, greater as previously reported. ERM may be a cause worst visual acuity in patients with RRD after successful vitrectomy interventions. Gas tamponade type was not influential in the development of ERM. SD-OCT is a useful tool in the diagnosis of ERM in patients after vitrectomy.

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