June 2015
Volume 56, Issue 7
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2015
Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of masked Goldmann applanation tonometry measurements
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Rick Trevino
    University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, TX
  • Carolyn Majcher
    University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, TX
  • William Eric Sponsel
    University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, TX
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Rick Trevino, None; Carolyn Majcher, None; William Sponsel, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2015, Vol.56, 96. doi:
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      Rick Trevino, Carolyn Majcher, William Eric Sponsel; Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of masked Goldmann applanation tonometry measurements. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(7 ):96.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract
 
Purpose
 

Quality assurance study to determine the statistical consistency of repeat masked IOP measurements in the context of a prospective study of patients under treatment for mild to moderate glaucoma.

 
Methods
 

Case control study. Subjects: 20 unique pairs of 4th year optometric interns (26 total interns, 9 participating in more than one pairing) performed applanation tonometry with the masked dial randomly pre-set between 5 and 40 mmHg on the first 10 adults enrolled in an IRB-approved SLT study. Each pair of interns performed 3 pre-randomized right eye IOP measurements at 20 total study visits. Intra- and inter-observer variability were assessed by repeat measures 1-way ANOVA.

 
Results
 

IOP measurements (n=120) ranged from12-34mmHg (mean 20.0 ± sem 0.6mmHg). The mean range of intra-observer measurements was 4.6±0.7mmHg. The mean difference between paired observers for the 3 averaged measurements was 1.6 ±0.7mmHg. This was essentially equivalent to the mean difference between the first-measured IOP value of the 3 (1.9 ±1.1mmHg, p=0.7). Furthermore, the mean of all 6 IOP measurements was not significantly different from the mean of the first measured of each examiner (p = 0.3). Inter-observer differences were independent of the IOP level, but presumed tonographic decrease in IOP from the first measurement to the sixth was significant (-3.3 ±1.0mmHg; P=0.01; see figure). Dial preset position showed no association with the measured IOP (R2 = 0.0001).

 
Conclusions
 

Attempts at improving objectivity and accuracy in IOP measurement by masked and randomized applanation tonometry is not improved by multiple readings. Tonographic artifact would likely be reduced by limiting each masked reader to a single IOP measurement.  

 
Mean change in IOP from baseline with serial Goldmann tonometry. A series of 6 masked IOP measurements were performed on each of 20 study visits. Each data point represents the mean change ± SEM from baseline. Linear regression analysis reveals a significant decline in IOP (p=0.01)
 
Mean change in IOP from baseline with serial Goldmann tonometry. A series of 6 masked IOP measurements were performed on each of 20 study visits. Each data point represents the mean change ± SEM from baseline. Linear regression analysis reveals a significant decline in IOP (p=0.01)

 
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