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Jean-Antoine C. Pournaras, Philippe Bonnin, Katarzyna Makowiecka, Valérie Krivosic, Antoni W Kedra, Jean-François Legargasson, Alain Gaudric, Salomon Yves Cohen, Ramin Tadayoni, Pascale Massin; Short And Longterm Ocular Vascular Effects After Intravitreal Injection Of Ranibizumab For Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):869.
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To investigate the effect of the first and repeated intravitreal injections of ranibizumab (1.25mg; 0.05ml) on retrobulbar blood flow velocities in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
This prospective non randomized study included twenty consecutive AMD patients. Time- averaged mean blood flow velocities (BFVs) in the central retinal, temporal posterior ciliary and ophthalmic arteries (CRA, TPCA and OA) were measured by ultrasound imaging before, 2 days and 3 weeks after the first injection of ranibizumab, then 6 months after supplemental monthly injections if required. At each visit, complete ophthalmological examination was performed, including best corrected visual acuity measurement according to ETDRS protocol and OCT.
In the treated eyes, ranibizumab injection was followed by a significant improvement in visual acuity (from 44.4 ± 21.7, to 50.9±25.9 (p<0.01) at month 6, and a decrease in mean central macular thickness from 377±115 to 267 ± 74 µm (p<0.001) at month 6. At day 2 mean BFVs decreased by 16% in the CRA and by 20% in TPCA (p<0.001, both), then remained stable. Mean BFVs did not change in OA at the day 2 but decreased at week 3 by 18% (p<0.001). Supplemental injections did not lead to additional effects at month 6. No effect was tabulated in the fellow eye.
We report an early decrease in mean BFV in CRA and TPRA following intravitreal injections of ranibizumab corresponding to vasoconstrictive effect of this drug. Decrease in mean BFV in all retrobulbar arteries from the week 3 suggests that ranibizumab proceeds to a local and regional vasoconstrictive and antiangiogenic effects after local diffusion. Thus, ranibizumab could induce an actual hypoperfusion of the treated eye which could correspond to a vascular side effect.
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