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Mohamad El Wardani, Ciara Bergin, Farid Achache, Eamon Sharkawi; Surgical outcomes of Baerveldt aqueous shunt implantation versus combined phacoemulsification and Baerveldt aqueous shunt implantation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(14):3709.
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To examine the efficacy and safety of Baerveldt shunt (BS) implantation compared to combined phacoemulsification and Baerveldt shunt implantation (PBS). This study was designed to detect a difference in IOP reduction of 20% (~4mmHg) between groups with 90% power.
Sixty patients with medically uncontrolled glaucoma, prospectively underwent either or BS implantation with phacoemulsification (Group PBS; n=30) or BS implantation alone (group BS; n=30, pseudophakic eyes only). Groups were matched for age, glaucoma subtype and length of follow-up. Pre and post-operative measures recorded included patient demographics, visual acuity, IOP, number of glaucoma medications (GMs) and all complications. Success was defined as IOP≤21mmHg and 20% reduction in IOP from baseline with or without GMs.
Age of PBS and BS groups was 61 vs 62 years respectively (p=0.72*). There were no significant differences in preoperative baseline characteristics: PBS vs PB, mean IOP =25.5mmHg (standard deviation (SD); ±10.3mmHg) vs 26.1mmHg (SD ±10.6mmHg), p=0.81*; mean GMs=3.0 (SD ±1.1) vs 3.1 (SD ±1.0), p=0.83*; mean VA=0.3 vs 0.3, p=0.89*. At year one there were no significant differences observed between groups in post-operative IOP, GMs or VA, mean IOP =14.1mmHg (SD ±5.4mmHg) vs 11.5 mmHg (SD ±4.2mmHg), p=0.12*; mean GMs=1.6 (SD ±1.4) vs 1.1 (SD ±1.1), p=0.23*; mean VA=0.5 vs 0.4, p=0.46*. Complication rates were similar between the two groups (7% vs 14%). Success rate was lower in eyes with PBS (71%) than with BS (88%), however this did not reach statistical significance (p=0.95, log-rank test).* two-sample t-test
There were no significant differences at year one in success or complication rates between PBS and BS groups suggesting that simultaneous phacoemulsification does not have a marked (difference of >4mmHg) effect on tube function. IOP reduction and success were less in the PBS group, a larger sample (n=120) would be required to investigate if there is a 10% difference in IOP reduction between groups, however it is unclear if this would be a clinically significant difference to justify separate surgeries.
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