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F. Petrocchi, A. Baldascino, F. Molle, C. Angora, T. Rebecchi, R. Ghilardelli, A. Pacifici, L. Orazi, M. Petrianni, D. Lepore; Incidence of Myopia and Strabismus in Rop Population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(13):3161.
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to evaluate incidence of strabismus and refractive errors in a preterm population with different stages of ROP
starting from nov '94 a follow up program for preterm babies was establish at the catholic University Hospital. Fundus and anterior segment examination, cycloplegic auto refraction (Retinomax, Nikon), cover tests (cover/uncover alternate prism bar) at near and distance, ocular motility and binocular sensorial evaluation was routinely performed
127 babies with various stages of completely and spontaneously regressed ROP, were examined with a minimum follow up period of 6 months, up to 5 years. 38 babies (29%) showed various from of strabismus: 19 esotropias, 8 exotropias and 2 vertical tropias. 27 former-ROP babies showed no stereopsis at Lang and/or TNO stereotest. 4.7% babies showed various degree of myopia at the cycloplegic auto refraction.
Repeated ophthalmologic follow-up of prematurely born children with ROP is critical to early diagnose and treat strabismus and refractive defects.
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