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A. Bhatnagar, S. Elsherbiny, J. M. Gibson; OCT Evaluation of Visible and Subthreshold Retinal Photocoagulation Using 532nm Laser. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(13):3253.
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We conducted a study to determine if the spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) could be used as a tool to assess effective delivery of threshold and subthreshold laser burns created using 532nm green wavelength laser.
10 patients planned for panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for proliferative diabetic retinopathy were included in this study. Before initiating the full PRP, a row of moderately white laser burns as used for conventional PRP was created using 532 nm laser set at threshold power for 0.1 second with 300 microns spot size. Further rows of laser burns were created by altering the duration and power settings on the laser device. The area of the retina irradiated with laser was imaged using the Topcon SD-OCT within a few minutes of laser treatment.
Laser burns created using threshold power were seen on the OCT scan in all cases as a homogenous diffuse increase in reflectivity extending across the full thickness of retina (Fig 1). Retinal burns created by lowering the duration of laser pulse to 0.01s were barely visible ophthalmoscopically but were clearly detectable on the OCT scan as a localised, well-defined area of increased tissue reflectivity (Fig 2).
OCT is a useful to tool to assess the delivery of laser burns created using the 532 nm green laser. Burns of a subthreshold intensity that may not be visible ophthalmoscopically result in retinal changes that are clearly detectable on OCT imaging. Further studies would be needed to assess the clinical effectiveness of subthreshold laser treatment for retinal vascular diseases using the 532 nm green laser.
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