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A. R. Gaudio, E. L. Berson, M. A. Sandberg; Macular Pseudoholes in Retinitis Pigmentosa. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(13):3726.
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To estimate the prevalence and effect on visual acuity of macular pseudoholes and lamellar macular holes in patients with retinitis pigmentosa.
We studied 316 patients with typical forms of retinitis pigmentosa, evaluating their macular appearance by ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT 3).
Eleven patients (3%) with an average age of 41 years were found to have macular pseudoholes or lamellar holes in one or both eyes. Their visual acuities ranged from 20/20 to 20/60 with the average reduction being 2 lines. The ocular media were clear. No patient in this series was found to have a full thickness macular hole.
Macular pseudoholes and lamellar holes occur at a higher frequency in retinitis pigmentosa than in the general population. In retinitis pigmentosa they have a slight to moderate effect on visual acuity.
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