May 2007
Volume 48, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2007
Current Situation of Cataract in South Nepal
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • T. Naito
    Ophthalmology, Tokushima University, Tokushima, Japan
  • H. Shiota
    Ophthalmology, Tokushima University, Tokushima, Japan
  • M. K. Sunuwar
    Narayani Eye Care Project, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • T. Kiryu
    Narayani Eye Care Project, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • K. B. Khadka
    Gaur Eye Hospital, Gaur, Nepal
  • J. Akura
    Kushimoto Rihabiri Center, Wakayama, Japan
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships T. Naito, None; H. Shiota, None; M.K. Sunuwar, None; T. Kiryu, None; K.B. Khadka, None; J. Akura, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2007, Vol.48, 5443. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      T. Naito, H. Shiota, M. K. Sunuwar, T. Kiryu, K. B. Khadka, J. Akura; Current Situation of Cataract in South Nepal. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(13):5443.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose:: South Nepal was shown to be a cataract pocket zone. The purpose of this study is to investigate the current situation of cataract in south Nepal.

Methods:: Screening eye camps were conducted at 8 villages in Rautahat district, Nepal in 2005. We investigated eye diseases and socio-economic factors of 4027 patients (2001 males and 2026 females) at the screening eye camps.

Results:: Forty-eight percent (48%) of the patients ( 981 males and 933 females, mean age 57.6 y.o. ) had cataract. Cataract is highly prevalent according to the age and 60% of the age group between 41-60 years had cataract. The estimate prevalence rate of cataract blindness is about 1% in the total population of Rautahat district. In this area, 64% people were farmers and only 28.2% were literate. However, 14% in the cataract patients were literate and this rate was quite low.

Conclusions:: Results in south Nepal suggest that the prevalence of cataract is quite high and most cataract patients are very poor.

Keywords: cataract • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: health care delivery/economics/manpower • clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: biostatistics/epidemiology methodology 
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