May 2007
Volume 48, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2007
Documenting the Fixation at an Extrafoveal Locus With a Modified Slit Lamp in AMD - The AMD-Read Project
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • M. T. Leinonen
    Ophthalmology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
  • L. Hyvärinen
    Faculty of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships M.T. Leinonen, None; L. Hyvärinen, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support European Commission, Key action No. 6, AMD-READ-Project, QLK 6-CT-2002-00214. De Blindas Vänner – Sokeain ystävät r.y. for a personal grant for Markku Leinonen. Lea-Test Ltd for visual acuity tests
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2007, Vol.48, 5530. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      M. T. Leinonen, L. Hyvärinen; Documenting the Fixation at an Extrafoveal Locus With a Modified Slit Lamp in AMD - The AMD-Read Project. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(13):5530.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose:: To develop a simple and clinically useful technique for observing the fixation at an extrafoveal locus (preferred retinal locus, PRL) at different targets and texts in age-related macular degeneration, AMD.

Methods:: A standard Haag-Streit slit lamp was modified by adding several fixation targets in the illumination pathway for direct observation and documentation of fixation during fundus examination. Fixation patterns were analysed with thirty patients with age-related macular degeneration

Results:: The location and stability of fixation with various stimuli was possible to record in each subject. In 23 subjects there was no difference between the fixations at ‘star’ and ‘wagon-wheel’ stimuli, in seven subjects they were in clearly different retinal locations. Fixation was unstable in three subjects. The PRL for reading words was detectable with all subjects.

Conclusions:: The present assessment technique seems to offer one simple, clinically available technique to record fixation patterns to different targets and texts.

Keywords: age-related macular degeneration • imaging/image analysis: clinical • low vision 

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