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Y. Liao, X. Zhang, Q. Luo, L. Tang; Studies on the Effects of Preadipocytes on the Pathogenesis of Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(13):601.
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To investigate the effects of dexamethasone, insulin and IBMX in cultured orbital preadipocytes from patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) and normal control subjects. The changes of gene expressions were identified after the preadipocytes differentiated. Expression of thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) was studied in orbital tissue and cultured cells from TAO and normal control subjects.
Orbital preadipocytes obtained from 13 patients with TAO and 7 control subjects are primarily cultured, the ultra–structure of which is observed by transmission electron microscopy. The effects of dexamethasone, insulin and IBMX were compared on the preadipocyte differentiation. . The changes of gene expressions were profiled after the differentiation of preadipocytes by SBC–R–HC–100 –20cDNA gene expression DNA microarrays. The expression of TSHR was identified in orbital tissue and cultured cells from TAO and normal control subjects by real–time PCR.
(1) The orbital preadipocytes are successfully cultured, the preadipocytes were induced to differentiate into adipocytes successfully. The optimal concentrations of dexamethasone, insulin and IBMX are respectively 0.1µmol/L, 10µg/ml and 0.25mmol/L. (2) There were 279 pieces of genes altering expression on gene microarrays, with 126 showing up–regulation and 153 showing down–regulation. HMG1, CCND1, PDGFR, and so on, may participate in the controlling of preadipocyte differentiation.(3) The TSHR expressions of connective/muscle and fatty tissue of patients with TAO were detected, whereas the expressions of tissues from normal subjects were not detected. The quantities of TSHR expressions of fatty tissues were significantly higher than that of connective/muscle tissues. The quantities of TSHR expressions of cultured preadipocytes of TAO were statistically the same, but the level of TSHR expression increased markedly after the preadipocytes were induced into adipocytes.
Preadipocytes can differentiate into adipocytes. Many genes involved in the course of differentiation. TSHR in the orbital tissues and cultured cells of patients was detected, and the level of TSHR expression in fatty tissue and adipocytes was higher. So, orbital preadipocytes may play an important role in the pathogenesis of TAO.
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