May 2006
Volume 47, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2006
School Performance and Myopia in Singapore Children
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • A.C. Y. Fong
    Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • A. Cheng
    Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore
  • D.T. H. Tan
    Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
  • I. Morgan
    Research School of Biological Science and Centre for Visual Science, Visual Sciences Group, Australian National University, Australia
  • S.M. Saw
    Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  A.C.Y. Fong, None; A. Cheng, None; D.T.H. Tan, None; I. Morgan, None; S.M. Saw, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  Singapore National Medical Research Council/0695/2002
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2006, Vol.47, 1160. doi:
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      A.C. Y. Fong, A. Cheng, D.T. H. Tan, I. Morgan, S.M. Saw; School Performance and Myopia in Singapore Children . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(13):1160.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: : To evaluate the association between school performance and myopia in Singapore children.

Methods: : Children (n= 740) aged 10 to 12 years from 2 schools in the Singapore Cohort study Of the Risk factors for Myopia (SCORM) were included in this cross–sectional study. Baseline risk factors were assessed using a parent–administered questionnaire and the results of a Year 4 standard nation–wide examination were obtained. Cycloplegic table–mounted autorefraction and A–scan ultrasound biometry measurements were made.

Results: : The risk of myopia (right eye spherical equivalent at least –0.5 Diopters) was 2.5 times (95% confidence interval, p= 0.001) higher for children with total examinations marks in the fourth quartile compared with the first quartile, after adjusting for factors including reading in books per week and IQ test scores. Similar significant associations were found for individual English language OR = 2.0 (p= 0.001) and Mother Tongue marks OR = 2.6 (p<0.001), while the associations with Mathematics scores were of borderline significance OR = 1.9 (p= 0.057).

Conclusions: : School grades, a possible indicator of cumulative lifetime engagement in near work activity, were positively associated with myopia in Singapore children.

Keywords: myopia 

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