May 2006
Volume 47, Issue 13
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2006
Changes in Intraocular Pressure Due to Cycloplegia in Children
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • T. Bouaziz
    Ophthalmology, Quinze–Vingts, Paris, France
  • R. Adam
    Ophthalmology, Quinze–Vingts, Paris, France
  • T. Rodallec
    Ophthalmology, Quinze–Vingts, Paris, France
  • J.–P. Nordmann
    Ophthalmology, Quinze–Vingts, Paris, France
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  T. Bouaziz, None; R. Adam, None; T. Rodallec, None; J. Nordmann, None.
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2006, Vol.47, 4463. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      T. Bouaziz, R. Adam, T. Rodallec, J.–P. Nordmann; Changes in Intraocular Pressure Due to Cycloplegia in Children . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(13):4463.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: : To assess the effect of cyclopentolate 1% on the intraocular pressure (IOP) in a paediatric population.

Methods: : Twenty children (40 eyes) 5 to 13 years of age (mean 7.7 ± 2.3) were studied. Patients with narrow angle and known or suspected glaucoma were excluded from the study. Subjects’ refraction ranged between –15 and +4.5 D (mean –1.25 ± 5.8 D). The IOP was measured with Goldmann aplanation and with non–contact tonometer before and after administration of the cyclopentolate (one drop, two times at ten minute interval).

Results: : After cycloplegia, IOP remained the same in 13 cases, increased in 9 eyes (but stayed inferior to 20 mmHg) and decreased in 18 eyes. Mean IOP by aplanation before and after cycloplegia was respectively 12.75 ± 3.1 and 11.8 ± 3.2 (P=0.02) and with non–contact tonometer respectively 14.5 ± 3.3 and 13.7 ± 3.3 (P=0.08). IOP measured with non–contact tonometer was significantly higher than IOP measured with Goldmann aplanation (P<0.05).

Conclusions: : Cyclopentolate 1%, widely used in children, doesn’t seem to increase IOP. This study confirms that values of IOP in children are higher with the non–contact tonometer.

Keywords: intraocular pressure • drug toxicity/drug effects • infant vision 

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