May 2004
Volume 45, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2004
The effect on subjective and objective accommodation of warming the circumocular region
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Y. Takahashi
    Ophthalmology, Jikei Univ School Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
  • M. Dogru
    Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College, Chiba, Japan
  • M. Igaki
    Health Care Products Research Lab No.2,
    KAO Co., Tokyo, Japan
  • A. Suzuki
    Health Care Products Research Lab No.2,,
    KAO Co., Tokyo, Japan
  • G. Takahashi
    Ophthalmology, Jikei Univ School Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
  • K. Tsubota
    Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College, Chiba, Japan
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  Y. Takahashi, Kao.Co. R; M. Dogru, None; M. Igaki, Kao.Co. E; A. Suzuki, Kao.Co. E; G. Takahashi, None; K. Tsubota, Kao.Co. R.
  • Footnotes
    Support  none
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2004, Vol.45, 2535. doi:
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      Y. Takahashi, M. Dogru, M. Igaki, A. Suzuki, G. Takahashi, K. Tsubota; The effect on subjective and objective accommodation of warming the circumocular region . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(13):2535.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Abstract: : Purpose: To investigate the effect that warming the circumocular region has on subjective and objective accommodation.Methods: The subjects were 10 healthy male volunteers with a mean age of 39.3+2 years (range, 36–43 years) who typically performed near work for 7–8 hours per day and had a best–corrected visual acuity of not less than 20/20. In the present study, two experiments were performed, each after the subjects performed near work for 7–8 hours. In the Lid Closure Group (LC Group) experiment, the subjects wore an eye–mask and closed their eyelids for 10 minutes. In the Warming Sheet Group (WS Group) experiment, the subjects applied a warming sheet (KAO Co., Tokyo, Japan) to their eyelids and the surrounding region, wore an eye–mask and closed their eyelids for 10 minutes. Subjective and objective accommodations were measured immediately before, immediately after, and approximately 90 minutes after the experiment. Subjective and objective accommodations were measured with best–corrected visual acuity using a KOWA NP accommodometer (KOWA Corporation, Nagoya, Japan) and NIDEK AA2000 (NIDEK, Nagoya, Japan), respectively.Results: In the WS Group, there was significant improvement in subjective and objective accommodation, both immediately after and 90 minutes after the experiment compared to immediately before the experiment, whereas no significant improvement was observed in the LC Group. The ratio of eyes with an accommodation improvement of not less than 0.5 D immediately after and 90 minutes after the experiment was significantly higher in the WS Group than in the LC Group (p=0.00267 and p=0.0045, respectively).Conclusions: There was a significant improvement in subjective and objective accommodation in the WS Group compared to the LC Group. Warming the circumocular region with a warming sheet appears to be a useful method for reducing the strain and fatigue eyes experience when performing near tasks for a long time.

Keywords: neuro–ophthalmology: diagnosis • aging • visual acuity 
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