May 2003
Volume 44, Issue 13
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   May 2003
Clinical Findings in a Symptomatic Carrier of a Novel 3'-Splice Site Mutation in Intron 6 of the Choroideremia Gene
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • E. Wong
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
  • S.M. Szabo
    Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • K.E. McTaggart
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
  • M.J. Potter
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships  E. Wong, None; S.M. Szabo, None; K.E. McTaggart, None; M.J. Potter, None.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 2003, Vol.44, 1485. doi:
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      E. Wong, S.M. Szabo, K.E. McTaggart, M.J. Potter; Clinical Findings in a Symptomatic Carrier of a Novel 3'-Splice Site Mutation in Intron 6 of the Choroideremia Gene . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(13):1485.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Abstract: : Purpose: To describe the clinical and molecular genetic findings of a female carrier of a novel 3'-splice site mutation in intron 6 of the choroideremia (CHM) gene. Methods: A 31-year old woman presented in October 2000 with complaints of difficulties with dark adaptation and a family history of retinal degeneration. Visual acuity measurements, peripheral and color vision tests, electroretinography (ERG), Goldmann visual fields, fluorescein angiogram, CT Scan, and DNA sequence analysis was performed. Results: Dilated fundus examination in October 2000 showed blond fundi with a remarkable granular appearance to the retinal pigment epithelium. No bone spicule pigmentation was observed. The ERG and CT scan were normal. Visual acuity varied between the 20/30 and 20/80 level in the right eye from October 2000 to April 2001, dropping abruptly to 10/200 in mid-April. Acuity remained steady in the left eye at around 20/25. Goldmann visual fields showed the new onset of a central scotoma and enlargement of the blind spot OD. Subretinal hemorrhage was visible under the fovea OD, but definite leakage was not evident on fluorescein angiography. DNA analysis revealed that the patient is heterozygous for a novel mutation at the 3’-splice site of intron 6 of the CHM gene. Final visual acuity in November 2002 was 20/400 OD, and 20/30 OS. Conclusion: A splicing mutation can cause severe visual loss in the carrier state of choroideremia.

Keywords: choroid: neovascularization • retinal degenerations: hereditary • genetics 
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