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S Schaal, A Dovrat, I Beiran, I Rubinstein, B Miller; Oxygen Damage To The Eye Lens . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(13):2368.
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Purpose: To investigate the damage caused by oxygen to the eye lens. Methods:170 bovine lenses were placed in specially designed culture containers and were divided into 5 groups. (1) Control group. (2) Group treated by a single exposure to hyperbaric oxygen: 100% oxygen in a pressure chamber at 2.5 absolute atmospheres (ATA). (3) Group treated daily by hyperbaric oxygen for 4 days. (4) Group treated daily for 4 days by normobaric oxygen:100% oxygen at 1 ATA. (5) Group treated daily for 4 days by hyperbaric air: 8.4% oxygen at 2.5 absolute atmospheres (ATA). Exposure time for all experimental groups was 120 minutes. Lens optical quality was assessed throughout the 7 days of the culture period and lens epithelial samples were taken each day for catalase activity analysis. Results:The lenses in the control group, the single hyperbaric oxygen exposure group and the hyperbaric air exposure group maintained their optical quality throughout the 7 days in culture. Repetitive exposures to both hyperbaric and normobaric oxygen caused optical damage to the lenses. Damage was more severe in the hyperbaric oxygen exposure group compared to the normobaric oxygen exposure group. The lenticular optical damage progressed from the lens periphery to its center. Lenticular catalase activity was affected by exposure to hyperbaric oxygen. Conclusion:Oxygen damage to bovine lenses was demonstrated in our model. According to our results it seems that oxygen-induced lenticular damage is a cumulative process depending on both length of exposure and on oxygen partial pressure. The enzyme catalase may play a role in hyperbaric oxygen-induced lenticular damage.
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