Purchase this article with an account.
Rebecca M. Schur, Li Sheng, Bhubanananda Sahu, Guanping Yu, Songqi Gao, Xin Yu, Akiko Maeda, Krzysztof Palczewski, Zheng-Rong Lu; Manganese-Enhanced MRI for Preclinical Evaluation of Retinal Degeneration Treatments. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(8):4936-4942. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-16522.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Apply manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) to assess ion channel activity and structure of retinas from mice subject to light-induced retinal degeneration treated with prophylactic agents.
Abca4−/−Rdh8−/− double knockout mice with and without prophylactic retinylamine (Ret-NH2) treatment were illuminated with strong light. Manganese-enhanced MRI was used to image the retina 2 hours after intravitreous injection of MnCl2 into one eye. Contrast-enhanced MRIs of the retina and vitreous humor in each experimental group were assessed and correlated with the treatment. Findings were compared with standard structural and functional assessments of the retina by optical coherence tomography (OCT), histology, and electroretinography (ERG).
Manganese-enhanced MRI contrast in the retina was high in nonilluminated and illuminated Ret-NH2–treated mice, whereas no enhancement was evident in the retina of the light-illuminated mice without Ret-NH2 treatment (P < 0.0005). A relatively high signal enhancement was also observed in the vitreous humor of mice treated with Ret-NH2. Strong MEMRI signal enhancement in the retinas of mice treated with retinylamine was correlated with their structural integrity and function evidenced by OCT, histology, and a strong ERG light response.
Manganese-enhanced MRI has the potential to assess the response of the retina to prophylactic treatment based on the measurement of ion channel activity. This approach could be used as a complementary tool in preclinical development of new prophylactic therapies for retinopathies.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only