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Kaveh Abri Aghdam, Amelie Pielen, Carsten Framme, Bernd Junker; Correlation Between Hyperreflective Foci and Clinical Outcomes in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration After Switching to Aflibercept. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2015;56(11):6448-6455. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-17338.
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To assess the correlation between hyperreflective foci (HF) and visual and anatomical outcomes in treatment-resistant neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
This was a prospective interventional case series. Thirty-three eyes of 30 consecutive patients with treatment-resistant neovascular AMD were enrolled. Intravitreal aflibercept injections were performed at week 0 (baseline), week 4, and week 8. Spectral-domain OCT images were obtained before each injection and 4 weeks after the third injection. The main focus was on the measurement of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) size in the cross-sectional area in the B-scan through the fovea, and HF number along line segments of 1- and 3-mm length passing through the fovea.
Mean number of HF in the radius of 500 μm decreased from 8.36 ± 7.58 to 4.15 ± 3.39 (P = 0.02). Mean number of HF in the radius of 1500 μm was reduced from 21.30 ± 12.47 to 10.45 ± 6.34 (P < 0.001). Mean CNV area decreased from 0.35 ± 0.22 to 0.22 ± 0.16 mm2 (P < 0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between HF reduction in the radius of 500 μm and decrease in central subfield thickness (CST) (r = 0.43, P = 0.01), but no statistically significant correlation was found between HF decline in the radius of 1500 μm and other parameters.
Switching from ranibizumab to aflibercept caused significant decrease in the number of HF 1 month after aflibercept upload, and HF decrease in the radius of 500 μm was correlated positively with the reduction in CST.
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