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Vanessa Waisberg, Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues, Márcio Bittar Nehemy, Maria Frasson, Débora Marques de Miranda; Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Neurofibromatosis Type 2. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(9):OCT262-OCT267. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-18919.
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Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal-dominant disease, characterized by bilateral vestibular schwannomas, multiple central nervous system (CNS) tumors, skin tumors, and juvenile cataract. The present study assessed retinal abnormalities using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in a case series of NF2 patients.
Nine NF2 patients from the neurofibromatosis outpatient reference center of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, in Brazil, were submitted to a complete anamnesis and a detailed ophthalmic evaluation, including SD-OCT, to detect retinal lesions.
Of the nine NF2 patients evaluated, five had an early onset (<20 years) of NF2, and four patients had a late onset (>20 years) of symptoms. SD-OCT scans revealed retinal abnormalities in every patient with early onset (EOS) and in two patients with late onset (LOS) of the disease. In the EOS group, SD-OCT scans revealed flame-shaped epiretinal membranes (ERM) with peculiar characteristics in four eyes of three patients. Two patients had fine undulations of the inner retinal surface with a subtle ERM. Retinal hamartomas were present in four eyes of three patients with EOS; in two eyes, they were subclinical and were detected only by SD-OCT scans. In two patients with LOS and one patient with EOS, SD-OCT scans revealed retinal tufts of a nerve fiber layer.
SD-OCT revealed ERM in most patients with NF2, therefore it may be a valuable exam for evaluating NF2 patients. Epiretinal membranes in NF2 has unique features, distinguishing it from idiopathic ERM or membranes associated with other diseases. We suggest that flame-shaped ERM seems to be specific for NF2 and that ERM can be considered as an important diagnostic sign of NF2.
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