August 2016
Volume 57, Issue 10
Open Access
Letters to the Editor  |   August 2016
Author Response: Concerning Manuscript “Deficient Binocular Combination of Second-Order Stimuli in Amblyopia”
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jiawei Zhou
    School of Ophthalmology and Optometry and Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China;
    McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada;
  • Rong Liu
    CAS Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China; and the
  • Lixia Feng
    Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China.
  • Yifeng Zhou
    CAS Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China; and the
  • Robert F. Hess
    McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada;
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science August 2016, Vol.57, 4215. doi:10.1167/iovs.16-20206
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      Jiawei Zhou, Rong Liu, Lixia Feng, Yifeng Zhou, Robert F. Hess; Author Response: Concerning Manuscript “Deficient Binocular Combination of Second-Order Stimuli in Amblyopia”. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(10):4215. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20206.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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  • Supplements
First, we really appreciate Li and Liu's1 interest in our recent publication regarding the study of binocular combination of second-order stimuli in patients with amblyopia.2 
They raised two points in their recent correspondence: First, subject A9, who had quite a small amount of anisometropia, should not be considered as an anisometropic amblyope and as a result they don't know whether the results would be biased by omitting the data for subject A9. We accept their point; subject A9 more likely had a clinically undetected microtropia and should rightly be classified as a strabismic amblyope. However, this would not affect our conclusions in the slightest, as we showed in Figure 4 in our paper that the additional second-order binocular deficit occurred in the majority of the anisometropes (6/9) but none of the strabismics. Subject A9 did not exhibit a binocular deficit for second-order stimuli. 
The second point they raised is whether the difference we find for second-order processing between strabismic and anisometropia amblyopia could be due to these different kinds of amblyopia having different contrast sensitivity. In other words, they are wondering whether the additional binocular imbalance we found using the contrast-modulated stimuli was a consequence of different modulation sensitivities for these two different kinds of amblyopia. As we pointed out at the end of the fourth paragraph in our Discussion session, we don't believe that this is the case: In particular, the additional deficit probably occurs either at the modulation depth binocular summation stage or at the early second-order envelope extracting stage, both well beyond the carrier detection stage; besides, the amblyopic eye's modulation sensitivity at the low spatial frequency (0.29 cyc/deg) is not affected.3 
References
Li Q, Liu L. Concerning manuscript “Deficient Binocular Combination of Second-Order Stimuli in Amblyopia.” Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016; 57: 4214.
Zhou J, Liu R, Feng L, Zhou Y, Hess RF. Deficient binocular combination of second-order stimuli in amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016; 57: 1635–1642.
Mansouri B, Allen HA, Hess RF. Detection, discrimination and integration of second-order orientation information in strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia. Vision Res. 2005; 45: 2449–2460.
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