September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
The Influence of Perimetric Stimulus Size on Defect Detectability in Early Glaucoma
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • John G Flanagan
    School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States
  • Paul H. Artes
    Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom
  • Michael Wall
    University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States
  • Esther Young
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, United States
  • Thomas Callan
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, United States
  • Vincent Michael Patella
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, United States
  • Matthias Monhart
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, United States
    Carl Zeiss AG, Feldbach, Switzerland
  • Gary C Lee
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   John Flanagan, Carl Zeiss Meditec (F), Carl Zeiss Meditec (C), Eyecarrot (S); Paul Artes, Carl Zeiss Meditec (F); Michael Wall, Carl Zeiss Meditec (F); Esther Young, Carl Zeiss Meditec (E); Thomas Callan, Carl Zeiss Meditec (E); Vincent Michael Patella, Carl Zeiss Meditec (E); Matthias Monhart, Carl Zeiss Meditec (E); Gary Lee, Carl Zeiss Meditec (E)
  • Footnotes
    Support  Carl Zeiss Meditec Research Grant
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, No Pagination Specified. doi:
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      John G Flanagan, Paul H. Artes, Michael Wall, Esther Young, Thomas Callan, Vincent Michael Patella, Matthias Monhart, Gary C Lee; The Influence of Perimetric Stimulus Size on Defect Detectability in Early Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 201657(12):.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : The Goldmann size V stimulus possesses better test-retest properties, identifies more defect in moderate glaucoma, and has a greater dynamic range than size III. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of large perimetric stimulus size on defect detectability in patients with early glaucoma, in particular for the most central stimulus locations.

Methods : 115 healthy (H; 71 female; 41 to 79 years) participants and 89 patients with early glaucoma (EG; 42 female; 43 to 82 years; average mean deviation (MD): -1.37 ±1.40 dB) were recruited from 3 sites. Subjects were included into the EG group if they had a clinical diagnosis of glaucoma, OCT findings characteristic of glaucoma, and a visual field (VF) MD of -4.0 dB or better (SITA-Std, 24-2). For 1 eye of each subject, 3 VF tests were obtained using the Full Threshold 24-2 (FT) for stimulus size III, V and VI; the VF tests were repeated within 90 days. Visit 2 data were used throughout. Data from the healthy group were used to produce reference limits for normality for each stimulus size.

Results : See Table 1. Mean sensitivity (MS) increased with stimulus size and decreased with age. The variance for normal measures was lowest for size V, generating the smallest reference intervals. Size V identified the largest number of significantly depressed locations on total deviation (TD) analysis (~+1 location @ p<0.05), although there was no significant difference between sizes V and III. Size VI detected fewer TD locations (p<0.001). There was no difference in the number of TD flagged locations between stimulus sizes within the central 16 locations, with the differences being outside the central locations. Results were similar for pattern deviation (PD). ROC analysis of TD and PD demonstrated a significant difference between Size V and VI (p<0.02; p<0.05), but none between size III and V.

Conclusions : Goldmann stimulus size V and III were comparable in identifying defects in early glaucoma. There was no difference in performance within the most central 16 locations of the 24-2, but size V flagged more TD p<0.05 locations outside of the central region. Size V generated tighter reference intervals for normality and lower test-retest variability. There was no advantage in using a size VI.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.

 

Table 1: Mean ±SD for Mean Sensitivity, Mean Deviation and Total Deviation (p<0.05), for Healthy and Early Glaucoma groups.

Table 1: Mean ±SD for Mean Sensitivity, Mean Deviation and Total Deviation (p<0.05), for Healthy and Early Glaucoma groups.

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