September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
25-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy and SF6 Gas for the Repair of Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment with Multiple Breaks in Multiple Quadrants
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Yoreh Barak
    Ophthalmology, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
  • Victor Flores
    Ophthalmology, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
  • Michael Mimouni
    Ophthalmology, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Yoreh Barak, None; Victor Flores, None; Michael Mimouni, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, 1044. doi:
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      Yoreh Barak, Victor Flores, Michael Mimouni; 25-Gauge Pars Plana Vitrectomy and SF6 Gas for the Repair of Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment with Multiple Breaks in Multiple Quadrants. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):1044.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To compare anatomical and functional outcomes of 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) associated with multiple breaks in multiple quadrants versus those with breaks limited to a single quadrant.

Methods : A retrospective cohort study of patients with RRD who underwent 25-gauge PPV. Group A consisted of patients with identified breaks involving two or more quadrants. Group B consisted of patients with breaks involving a single quadrant.

Results : Overall, 118 eyes of 118 patients with a mean age of 60.4 ± 11.8 years and 57.6% being males. Twenty seven with breaks involving multiple quadrants (Group A) and 91 with breaks limited to a single quadrant (Group B). The mean follow up time was 5 months (range 2-24 months). Single surgery anatomical success was achieved in 92.6% (25/27) of Group A and 93.4% (85/91) of Group B patients (P=0.88) with final anatomical success achieved in all cases. In regression analysis, the number of quadrants with breaks did not significantly account for the variation in single surgery success or visual outcomes. No significant differences were found between Groups A and B in terms of ETDRS letters of improvement (47.2 ± 58.1 and 41.3 ± 52.5 respectively, p=0.64) and final BCVA (0.56 ± 0.61 logMAR and 0.46 ± 0.45 logMAR respectively, p=0.40).

Conclusions : Favorable results were achieved using 25-gauge vitrectomy and SF6 gas for the primary RRD treatment with multiple breaks in multiple quadrants. No differences in anatomical and functional success rates were observed between RRD associated with breaks involving multiple quadrants or those limited to a single quadrant.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.

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