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mateus martins cortez vilar, Joao J Nassaralla, DENISE Borges de Andrade Mendanha, Mayara Martins Abrahao, Eduardo Dalia, Leonardo Pinheiro Teixeira, Luana MIRANDA CAMPOS; Increased Prevalence of Myopia in a Ophthalmologic Hospital in Goiânia - Goiás. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):2463.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the increased prevalence of myopia among patients in different periods in an ophthalmologic hospital in Goiania. There has been an increase of myopia prevalence around the world especially in some Asian countries. The investigators intend to analyze if this growing tendency is also present in our hospital, and if it exist how much is this growth.
There were compared data collected in two scientific studies carried out in the same ophthalmologic hospital in different periods of time, they evaluated among other factors, the refractive errors of the participants, from this data there were compared the percentage of patients with myopia between the two studies. And analised how much was the grownt of myopia.
There was an increase in the prevalence of myopia among the participants of the studies, in the evaluation carried out between 1995 and 2000 the percentage of people with myopia accounted for 3.6% of the total, in the study carried out in 2014 the prevalence of patients with myopia was 9%. Only among patients with refractive errors the prevalence of myopia in the first study was 9.97%, in the second study the prevalence was 22%.
There was an increase in the prevalence of myopia between the two studies, these data corroborate with tests that shows an increasing prevalence of myopia in the world in the last 30 years. However, in a smaller proportion than in other population studies
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.
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