September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Insomnia Severity Index and sleeping disorders. Comparison in OHT, Glaucoma and Control patients. First results
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jean-Marie Giraud
    Ophthalmology, Val de Grâce Military Hospital, PARIS, France
  • Jean-Remi Fenolland
    Ophthalmology, Val de Grâce Military Hospital, PARIS, France
  • Damien Sendon
    Ophthalmology, Val de Grâce Military Hospital, PARIS, France
  • Bernard Valero
    Ophthalmology, Val de Grâce Military Hospital, PARIS, France
  • Corinne Dot
    Ophthalmology, Desgenettes Military Hospital, Lyon, France
  • Jean-Paul Renard
    Ophthalmology, Val de Grâce Military Hospital, PARIS, France
  • Hussam El Chehab
    Ophthalmology, Desgenettes Military Hospital, Lyon, France
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Jean-Marie Giraud, None; Jean-Remi Fenolland, None; Damien Sendon, None; Bernard Valero, None; Corinne Dot, None; Jean-Paul Renard, None; Hussam El Chehab, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, 2581. doi:
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      Jean-Marie Giraud, Jean-Remi Fenolland, Damien Sendon, Bernard Valero, Corinne Dot, Jean-Paul Renard, Hussam El Chehab; Insomnia Severity Index and sleeping disorders. Comparison in OHT, Glaucoma and Control patients. First results. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):2581.

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      © 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.

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Abstract

Purpose : A third of the peoples encounter sleeping disorders and 10% have insomnia with impact on diurnal activity. A new questionnaire, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) provide a score of insomnia. This prospective study compare sleeping quality in Ocular Hypertension (OHT), Glaucoma and control patients

Methods : First group counted 46 patients, 20 OHT and 26 Glaucoma, mean age 67.9. Control group count 46 patients, mean age 68,3. They all fill a questionnaire including 9 questions for ISI score and 6 questions about early wake-up, snoring, impact of stress on sleeping quality.

Results : Glaucoma patient’s ISI is 6.27 (no clinically significant insomnia), while OHT ISI is 9.65 and control 9.11 (subthreshold insomnia). « Big snorers » are 21.7% in control group, 50% in OHT group and 30.7% in glaucoma group. Urge to urinate causes night wake-up to about 60% of people, without significative difference in each groups. Same way, 17% of control and 17% of glaucoma or OHT patients wake up with night sweats. Only 15.4% of Glaucoma patients wake up with sensation of insufficient sleep. Vs 40% of OHT and 39.1% of control (significative difference). 43.5% of control, 50% of OHT and 23,3% of glaucoma patients recognise a link between personnal stress and sleeping trouble.

Conclusions : On the studied population, ISI is lower and spleep quality is percieved better in Glaucoma Group than in the others groups. Snoring rate is higher in OHT and Glaucoma. (consistent with high rate of sleep apnea in glaucoma). We will need to include a much greater number of patients to confirm or not these results.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.

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