September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Spanish Retina Society- VMT study: PREVALENCE OF VITREOMACULAR ADHESIONS AND TRACTIONS IN A HEALTHY POPULATION OVER 45 YEARS OF AGE
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Miguel A Zapata
    Retina, Hospital Vall Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
  • Marta Suarez Figueroa
    Retina, Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Miguel Zapata, None; Marta Figueroa, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  Alcon
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, 4064. doi:
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      Miguel A Zapata, Marta Suarez Figueroa; Spanish Retina Society- VMT study: PREVALENCE OF VITREOMACULAR ADHESIONS AND TRACTIONS IN A HEALTHY POPULATION OVER 45 YEARS OF AGE. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):4064.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To study the prevalence of vitreomacular adhesions and tractions in a healthy population over 45 years of age.

Methods : Descriptive, cross-sectional, multicenter study which included patients over 45 years of age who were accompanying others to the eye care center. For the study we excluded: patients with known retinal diseases, uveitis or ocular trauma, patients with any intraocular surgery (including cataracts), intravitreal injections or laser. Patients with high myopia >-6DD , media opacities (minimum quality 5/10 in OCT) or other ophthalmological disease that may compromise the study were not included.
Spectral OCT was performed to all subjects. Vitreoretinal interface was classified according to the international classification in vitreomacular interface published in 2013 by Duker JS et col. All pathological or border line cases were evaluated by a reading center.

Results : 2250 patients were included in the study. Mean 59,2 years (range from 45 to 90). From the total number of eyes, nearly 6% presented abnormalities in the vitreoretinal interface, over 33 % of eyes presented vitreoretinal adherence in the OCT and over 60% of cases were absolutely normal. Patients over 75 years had less prevalence of OCT vitreoretinal interface abnormality in our serial (1,7% vs 6,5%; p= 0,049) Prevalence of vitreomacular interface abnormalities in the population were closed to 12%.

Conclusions : An important percentage of the supposed healthy population over 45 years may present vitreoretinal interface abnormalities. Any first routine visit or preoperative consultation should include an OCT in order to detect those diseases on time.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.

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