September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Elevated Intraocular Pressures from a Conditional Knockout of the Dicer Gene in the Rodent Trabecular Meshwork
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Pratap Challa
    Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • Guorong Li
    Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • Coralia Catalina Luna
    Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • Pedro Gonzalez
    Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Pratap Challa, None; Guorong Li, None; Coralia Luna, None; Pedro Gonzalez, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  NIH Core Grant. Research to Prevent Blindness
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, 4695. doi:
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      Pratap Challa, Guorong Li, Coralia Catalina Luna, Pedro Gonzalez; Elevated Intraocular Pressures from a Conditional Knockout of the Dicer Gene in the Rodent Trabecular Meshwork. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):4695.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To generate and optimize conditional gene knockouts of the trabecular meshwork (TM) and characterize the role of miRNAs in the homeostasis and physiology of the post-natal TM.

Methods : To test the hypothesis that miRNAs play a role in the regulation of gene expression of cells in the anterior segment of the eye, we generated a targeted deletion of Dicer in the anterior chamber of the eye in two month old mice (n=7). This conditional dicer knockout was accomplished by intracameral injection of 5x106 pfu of an adenoviral vector expressing cre recombinase under the CMV promoter in Dicer1tm1Bdh/J mice, which contain loxP sites on either side of exon 23 of the Dicer gene. Intraocular pressures (IOPs) were evaluated using a TonolabTM tonometer and morphological changes observed in semithin sections and electron microscopy.

Results : Loss of microRNA function by deletion of dicer in the anterior chamber resulted in increased intraocular pressures (IOPs) and morphological alterations in the TM 2 months after injection. The TM showed a noticeable increase in pigment accumulation and cells laden with pigment in the trabecular meshwork. The iris appears disordered with accumulation of large pigment-laden cells that appear to be migrating to the trabecular meshwork and suprachoroidal space.

Conclusions : Targeted viral introduction of cre recombinase into the TM of a transgenic mouse with a lox-p flanked target gene can successfully delete this gene in a majority of TM cells. MiRNAs are important in the normal physiology of the TM and lack of them will lead to trabecular meshwork alterations and increased intraocular pressures (IOPs).

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.

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