September 2016
Volume 57, Issue 12
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   September 2016
Causes of Severe Visual Impairment and Blindness in Children in Lima, Peru
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Arjun Sood
    Ophthalmology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • Luz Gordillo
    Ophthalmology, Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins EsSalud, Lima, Peru
    Instituto Damos Vision, Lima, Peru
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Arjun Sood, None; Luz Gordillo, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science September 2016, Vol.57, 6300. doi:
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      Arjun Sood, Luz Gordillo; Causes of Severe Visual Impairment and Blindness in Children in Lima, Peru. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(12):6300.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To determine the causes of severe visual impairment and blindness (SVI/BL) in children in Lima, Peru, and to compare the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) to previous reports.

Methods : Children attending schools for the blind in Lima, Peru were examined in 2013. Data was collected using the WHO Childhood Blindness Software.

Results : 63 children were identified with SVI/BL. The major anatomical site of SVI/BL was the retina (43.5%). The major underlying etiology of SVI/BL was undetermined in 58.7%% and perinatal factors in 31.7%. ROP accounted for 28.5% of SVI/BL.

Conclusions : More than one-third of causes of SVI/BL are potentially avoidable, with ROP being a leading cause. The prevalence of ROP in Lima has increased as compared to studies conducted in 1999 (16%) and 2005 (24%).

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2016 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Seattle, Wash., May 1-5, 2016.

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