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Sanne K. Verbakel, Johannes P. H. van de Ven, Linda M. P. Le Blanc, Joannes M. M. Groenewoud, Eiko K. de Jong, B. Jeroen Klevering, Carel B. Hoyng; Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors for the Treatment of Cystic Macular Lesions in Children With X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2016;57(13):5143-5147. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20078.
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Little is known regarding the therapeutic effect of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs) in the management of cystic macular lesions in children with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) despite the fact that this disease often manifests during childhood. Therefore, our goal was to determine the efficacy of CAIs in the treatment of cystic macular lesions in children with XLRS.
We used CAIs to treat cystic macular lesions in 18 eyes of nine children with XLRS. We evaluated the therapeutic effect of CAI treatment with the best-corrected visual acuity and foveal zone thickness (FZT) with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. A reduction of at least 22.4% in FZT was defined as objective evidence of response.
Five of nine (55.6%) XLRS patients showed a significant reduction of FZT in both eyes over a median treatment interval of 6.8 months (range, 1–23). In four of five (80.0%) patients, this reduction was already apparent after 1 month of treatment. An improvement of visual acuity was observed in five eyes (27.8%) of three patients (33.3%). Six patients (66.6%) reported minor side effects.
Treatment with CAIs decreased FZT in more than half of the children with XLRS. This effect was observed within 1 month in the majority of patients. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor treatment restores retinal anatomy and may contribute to creating optimal circumstances for gene therapy.
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