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Nicholas Y. Q. Tan, Yuan-Yuh Leong, Stephanie S. Lang, Zin M. Htoon, Stephanie M. Young, Gangadhara Sundar; Radiologic Parameters of Orbital Bone Remodeling in Thyroid Eye Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(5):2527-2533. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-21035.
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© 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
To radiologically examine for the presence of bony remodeling of the orbit in thyroid eye disease (TED).
Computed tomography (CT) scans of 248 orbits of 124 patients with TED and 185 orbits of 138 controls were retrospectively reviewed, and the following parameters measured: the angle of the inferomedial orbital strut (AIOS), the angle of the medial wall (AMW), and the diameters of the extraocular muscles. The association of TED with the AIOS or AMW was analyzed with linear regression models, and the correlations between the AMW or AIOS measurements with the extraocular muscle measurements were determined.
Overall, the AIOS was found to be larger (P < 0.001) and the AMW smaller (P = 0.045) in patients with TED compared to controls. After adjusting for age and sex, the larger AIOS in TED remained significant (P < 0.001), but the smaller AMW in TED patients was no longer significant (P = 0.07). There was a negative correlation between AMW and the calculated average cross-sectional area of the medial rectus in TED (r = −0.23, P = 0.01).
A difference in the structure of the bony orbit in TED compared to controls may be demonstrated by the AIOS and AMW radiological parameters. This likely represents the presence of bony remodeling in TED, which may be related to the expansion of the intraorbital soft tissue volume.
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