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Zahra Derafshi, Brian E. Kunzer, Emily M. Mugler, Nataliya Rokhmanova, Dong-Wook Park, Hadi Tajalli, Krithi Shetty, Zhenqiang Ma, Justin C. Williams, John R. Hetling; Corneal Potential Maps Measured With Multi-Electrode Electroretinography in Rat Eyes With Experimental Lesions. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(7):2863-2873. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20726.
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Conventional full-field flash electroretinography (ERG) yields a single response waveform that can be useful in the early detection and diagnosis of many diseases affecting the retina. It is an objective measurement that probes the entire retina. However, localized areas of dysfunction have relatively small influence on ERG amplitudes compared to normal ranges. Here we evaluate the use of corneal potential maps obtained in response to full-field flash stimuli for sensitivity to local areas of retinal damage.
A contact lens electrode array was used to record 25 ERG waveforms simultaneously following saturating full-field flash stimuli (multi-electrode electroretinography, meERG) in rats. Waveforms were evaluated for a-wave and b-wave amplitudes; these values were normalized and further evaluated for spatial differences across the corneal surface. Cluster analysis and a support vector machine approach were used to classify meERG responses from healthy eyes and eyes with central (photocoagulation) or peripheral (cryocoagulation) experimental lesions.
A normative normalized corneal potential map was obtained from healthy eyes (n = 26). Corneal potential maps from eyes with experimental lesions (n = 13) could be classified with sensitivity and specificity of approximately 80% based solely on the normalized spatial distribution of corneal potentials, that is, with no knowledge of absolute amplitudes.
Corneal potential maps obtained in response to full-field flash stimuli are altered in eyes with scotomas in the central and far-peripheral retina. The meERG approach yields useful spatial information following a single brief flash, analogous to body-surface potential maps used to evaluate heart and brain.
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